Synovial fluid is the thick liquid found in joints. Its main job is to make movement smooth between the bones by reducing friction and impact. Synovial fluid acts like a lubricant and cushion, providing important nutrients to the joints’ cartilage. Without it, cartilage and joints degenerate faster.
What happens to synovial fluid during a gout attack?
During a gout attack, the high levels of uric acid can trigger an anti-inflammatory immune response. This leads to an increase in synovial fluid volume, causing swelling and intensifying the pain associated with gout symptoms.
The factors contributing to reduced synovial fluid in joints include aging, injuries, arthritis, certain medications, lack of physical activity, and dehydration.