Kidney stones, or renal calculi, are solid deposits that form in the kidneys over an extended period. These stones develop when substances in the urine, such as calcium, oxalate, and phosphorus, become concentrated and crystallize. Depending on size and composition, pain and discomfort occurs as they pass through the urinary tract. Factors such as dehydration, high-salt diets, and metabolic conditions contribute to its formation.

What is the association between uric acid and kidney stones?

The association between uric acid and kidney stones lies in the development of crystals when there is excess uric acid in the body and urine. Uric acid stones are a specific type of kidney stone that develops from these crystals. The excess uric acid can result from a high-purine diet. While not all kidney stones consist of uric acid, its presence increases the risk of crystal formation and contributes to the overall composition.

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