Allopurinol is a medication commonly prescribed for gout. It works by inhibiting the activity of xanthine oxidase, the enzyme needed for uric acid production in the body. By blocking this enzyme, allopurinol helps reduce uric acid levels, preventing the formation of excess uric acid crystals in joints and alleviating gout symptoms.
Allopurinol is available under various brand names, including Zyloprim and Aloprim. The typical initial dosage is 100 mg/day, and it can be increased to 300 mg/day for chronic gout sufferers.
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